Be Prepared: Infectious diseases

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There are a number of infectious diseases that may lead to localised, national or even international outbreaks if they are not rapidly controlled. Some of these diseases include Pandemic Influenza, sickness and diarrhoea, Measles and Tuberculosis.

Many diseases are not common due to previous vaccination programmes but there is a risk that they may return or a new disease may develop. As a result everyone needs to be prepared to listen to medical advice and take the appropriate action.

You can reduce the risk of catching or spreading any infectious disease by:

  • Covering your nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing – use a
  • Disposing of dirty tissues promptly and carefully – bag and bin
  • Maintaining good basic hygiene, for example washing your hands frequently with soap and water to reduce the spread of the virus from your hands to your face or to other
  • Cleaning hard surfaces (e.g. kitchen worktops, door handles) frequently, using a normal cleaning

If you are worried about any illness then, unless otherwise directed, you should contact your GP or NHS 111 or go to the NHS Choices website at

Are you Ready?

The ‘Are you ready’  booklet brings together advice from various organisation to help you and your family take simple steps to reduce risk, prepare for and respond to emergencies such as fire, flood and loss of power.